The liver purifies the human body and develops the necessary material to him. Therefore, it’s important to follow your liver and if necessary start treatment. And if there is a liver tumor, you should immediately sound the alarm.
Tumors of the liver:
- benign primary neoplasm;
- cancer primary education;
- the secondary cancer.
A benign tumor of the liver
Cases with EXTRA rare. Mainly they are for does not appear. The development of metastasis-prone third of the patients. And half of the patients suffering liver when cancer of the stomach, colon, lung and breast cancer. In the presence of tumors, nausea, loss of weight and appetite, skin a yellowish tint.
A benign tumor of the liver can be characterized by papillomatosis, adenoma of the bile duct. A more common disease is a liver adenoma. There are also cavernosa and cavernous hemangioma of the liver.
As expressed by a benign tumor on
As already mentioned, the benign tumor itself, virtually did not show. Sometimes the disease is detected only in the later stages. Liver adenoma, increasing in size, leads to painful unpleasant sensations in the stomach. There is a risk of degeneration of the adenoma into a malignant tumor. Angioma of the liver, having large dimensions, manifested by the presence of nausea and belching, the pain and heaviness. In this case, a rupture of tumor formation, which leads to intra-abdominal bleeding.
When the cyst reaches a large size, there is heaviness and pressure in hypochondrium. If time does not remove the cyst, can occur her break, open or bleeding suppuration.
Just feeling the right side of the abdomen can detect hyperplasia of the liver. In most cases, hyperplasia ruptures and bleeding do not occur.
To identify benign prescribed:
- laparoscopy, in which are examined the liver tissue;
- Ultrasound body;
- computed tomography.
If the above methods reveal the adenoma or hyperplasia, you assign the biopsy of the liver tissue. To cure any benign tumor is possible only surgically, removing it so it does not become malignant.
A benign tumor of the liver can be removed in various ways:
- regional amputation of the patient’s body;
- laparoscopic surgery;
The purpose of the surgery depends on the complexity of the disease and tumor size.
Cancer primary and secondary education more frequently than benign. If the tumor grows from liver tissue, it is a primary malignant education. And if there is a metastasis from some diseased organs of the body, we speak of secondary liver tumors. Moreover, such a secondary tumor is much more common is primary, which affects mainly men over 50 years old.
In turn, the primary tumors are of several types:
- hepatoblastoma is a cancer of the body;
- hepatocellular carcinoma.
As a rule, the causes of malignant tumors lie in such diseases as hepatitis b and C. Can be affected by chronic cirrhosis, syphilis, opisthorchiasis and alcoholic hepatitis caused by excessive alcohol consumption.
As expressed by the malignancy
Symptoms are manifested in the deterioration of health, there is weakness in the body, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and pain and heaviness on the right side of the abdomen in the upper quadrant. Over time, the swelling increases, then it is bulging, which can be detected visually, and if you feel it with your fingers, you can feel the seal.
In the latter stages is the development of anemia, jaundice, ascites, the buildup of endogenous intoxication and liver failure.
To identify malignant tumor of the liver helps in the biochemical analysis of blood. If the diagnosis is confirmed, assigned an additional procedure coagulation. To accurately determine the presence of the disease, assigned MRI and CT, ultrasound and angiography of the body. Final verdict puts a needle biopsy of tumor tissue and the liver. Then these tissue to examine in more detail.
To determine where the metastases are located in the transition of a malignant tumor to other organs, is assigned to the following surveys:
- Breast ultrasound;
- radiography of the stomach.
Treatment of malignant tumors:
- Surgery, which is a more effective method. Moreover, the nature of the operation depends on the General condition of the patient, stage of the disease, from the volume of the affected area.
- Chemotherapy. Prescribers, causing the death of cancer cells.
- Radiation therapy. In this case, use radiation. Radiotherapy is along with surgery and chemotherapy.
- The liver transplant from a donor.
What can be complications
- malfunction of the liver;
- tumor bleeding;
- problems with intestinal permeability;
- violation of digestion;
- weight loss until exhaustion.
Prevention of liver diseases includes a healthy lifestyle, timely vaccination against hepatitis b, the rejection of bad habits and alcohol abuse.Nevertheless, if there is an infection with hepatitis – time to begin treatment and to follow all doctor’s orders. Also strictly follow the relevant diet. Each person needs to monitor the work of my liver to pay attention to the slightest deviation from time to time to pass necessary examinations and tests.