What is hydrops of the gallbladder, which symptoms is this pathology and what is its treatment? The purpose of the gallbladder is a buildup of bile which is continuously produced by the liver and pumps it into the lumen of the duodenum during a meal.
Bile contains enzymes that help to digest and transport in blood fats. Sometimes it happens that there is a violation of the functions of the gallbladder and bile duct can be closed or narrowed. In this case, may develop hydrops of the gallbladder in which the gallbladder increases in size and is bile is filled with inflammatory mucus.
The disease usually develops gradually, but in some cases of dropsy with cirrhosis of the liver may reach its peak just a few hours. It is important to understand that hydrocephalus is a very severe pathology that requires emergency treatment in a hospital setting.
The mechanism of development
When the gall bladder it constantly accumulates and concentrates the bile that stays there until the meal. Then the digested food flow of bile in the bile duct into the duodenum through the sphincter of Oddi.
However, due to the formation in the gallbladder stones or various infections and inflammatory processes may occur significant duct narrowing or even complete blockage. This, in turn, leads to severe swelling and accumulation of huge quantities of mucus in the gallbladder.
This condition is called dropsy. Very often the disease develops on the background of cancer of the liver, then it is called dropsy with cirrhosis of the liver.
Often dropsy with cirrhosis of the liver has similar characteristics with hepatic colic. The person experiences the following symptoms:
- Very strong pain in the right hypochondrium.
- Pain extending to the shoulder blade and radiating to the right shoulder.
- Colic in the abdomen.
- Improve overall body temperature.
- Severe nausea, sometimes vomiting with admixture of bile.
- The muscles in the area of the subcostal arc on the belly too tight.
This condition can be triggered by eating very fatty and heavy meals and a long transfer by car, accompanied by strong shaking.
After taking antispasmodic or analgesic drugs (morphine, Allergy, diclofenac, papaverine) pain quickly subsides.
The treatment of hydrocephalus
Before you start the treatment of dropsy of the gallbladder, you must contact your doctor and conduct a thorough examination of the patient, which will confirm the diagnosis. The survey includes ultrasound of the gallbladder, liver and pancreas, as well as oral questioning of the patient, which will determine the exact symptoms. To date, there is only one method of treatment of dropsy of the gallbladder is a surgical. During surgery, the surgeon removes the diseased organ. Such treatment of dropsy of the gall bladder is called cholecystectomy.
Modern medicine offers patients the latest minimally invasive surgical treatment. They differ from traditional methods of surgery. In medical terms this surgery is called laparoscopic cholecystectomy. To accomplish the surgeon makes in the patient’s body is not a large abdominal incision, and only 4 small puncture wounds. Holes are inserted in a special tube, the ends of which are valves. Using data from modern medical instruments, the doctor performs all the necessary steps to remove an inflamed gallbladder.
The main advantage of this method of surgery is the almost complete absence of abdominal injuries that invariably accompany normal operations.
The advantages of endoscopic cholecystectomy:
- Discomfort and pain is saved the patient only during the first 24 hours.
- After only 3-4 hours the patient has the opportunity to get out of bed and perform all the necessary actions, such as visiting the restroom or receiving visitors.
- After the surgery the patient remains in the hospital for no longer than 4 days, and sometimes leaves the treatment facility the next day.
- Operating the punctures heal very quickly and after 2-3 months on the patient’s body is not even the scars.
In rare cases, when the edema with cirrhosis of the liver affects older or severely weakened from diseases, doctors recommend patients not to resort to surgery, and use other methods of treatment of the patient’s body, such as puncture and drainage of the gallbladder.
It is important to remember that if a person has symptoms of hydrocephalus, you should immediately seek help from a doctor. Dropsy of the gall bladder is a very dangerous disease. Delay in treatment can cause the patient will have to make a difficult and extensive surgery on the abdominal cavity, the consequences of which will be felt for a very long time. And that’s not to mention the fact that this delay can cost human life, as the edema can lead to severe complications.