Cystitis is an inflammation of the internal mucous membrane of the bladder, the cause of which, as a rule, is a bacterial infection. Most often, in patients with cystitis, E. coli is detected, staphylococcus is less often detected, in other cases, less common bacteria.
At an early stage, cystitis usually manifests itself as frequent urination. Changes in the smell, transparency and color of urine. Most often, the liquid becomes cloudy, a precipitate may appear. Urine also gets an unpleasant odor. Pain appears in the lumbar region and lower abdomen.
Body temperature can rise to 37-38 C. Nausea and vomiting are possible.
Common malaise typical of an infectious disease:
- “Hunk” in the muscles.
- Decreased appetite.
- Decrease in working capacity.
Another symptom that accompanies the development of cystitis is the appearance of blood in the urine. In this case, the urine acquires a red color. If this symptom is detected, consult a doctor immediately!
Causes of Cystitis
There may be several reasons for the occurrence of this disease:
- Violation of the natural process of urination (difficulty in the process, incomplete emptying of the bladder, and as a result, a violation of the tone and stagnation of urine);
- Pathogenic microflora that enters the bladder from “non-sterile” parts of the body (first of all, E. coli from the lower intestine) or foci of chronic infection;
- Violation of normal blood circulation, congestion in the pelvis (occurs with a sedentary lifestyle, constipation);
- The beginning of sexual activity or an increase in sexual activity;
- Injuries and congenital anomalies of the genitourinary system;
- Violations of the trophism of the walls of the bladder;
- Hormonal disorders;
- Hypothermia of the body;
- General decrease in immunity (caused, for example, by pregnancy, diabetes mellitus, improper and irregular nutrition, a sharp change in climatic conditions).
It is impossible to independently treat cystitis. Only a doctor can prescribe the necessary examinations, tests and the correct antibacterial treatment.
In addition to drug treatment, with acute cystitis, the following procedures will help:
- Drink at least 10-14 glasses of fluid per day. You can reduce the inflammation inherent in cystitis, and thereby achieve the retreat of the ailment by using a large amount of chamomile tea.
- Observe bed rest.
- Warm up. As soon as you feel the first signs of the disease, wear warm socks, warm the pelvic area, and take cover with a warm blanket.
- Take painkillers. If the pain is severe, you can take painkillers: papaverine, no-spa, analgin.
The most effective folk remedy is cranberry juice. It works as an antibiotic – the polyphenols found in cranberries prevent pathogenic bacteria from eating and reproducing. For those who do not like cranberry juice, cranberry extract in capsules is suitable.
In order to remove the discomfort caused by the progression of cystitis, apply warm compresses to the lower abdomen with 5 drops of lavender oil or chamomile.
An excellent remedy for the treatment of cystitis is also ordinary garlic. It not only fights infections quite effectively, but also perfectly cleanses tissues. Use it inside not only during the treatment period, but also for some time after the symptoms of the disease disappear.
Parsley can help in the treatment and prevention of cystitis. The leaves and roots of this plant need to be chopped. One teaspoon of the resulting mixture is then poured with a glass of boiling water, after which it is insisted in a thermos for 2-3 hours. Take the resulting broth should be in small sips an hour before meals. No less healing properties of dill. It also needs to be chopped. After that, pour 3 tablespoons of the resulting mass with a glass of hot water and keep in a water bath for 15 minutes. After the broth should be cooled, strain through gauze or a fine sieve and bring the volume of liquid to the original, adding boiled water. Take the product three times a day before meals, three glasses.
Another very simple and, nevertheless, very effective way to treat cystitis is to boil 3 liters of milk. Pour one cup of milk into a small bowl. As soon as it cools down to such a temperature that it can be tolerated, lower your legs into a basin and wrap your belt around the blanket. As soon as you feel that the milk has started to cool – add another cup of hot. And so until you pour all the milk. At the end of the procedure, milk can be removed in the refrigerator and repeat all the next day. So steam until relief comes. This option helps a lot if cystitis starts from hypothermia.
If cystitis is accompanied by severe pain that does not rest at night or during the day, the next drink will help you. To prepare it, you will need three tablespoons of flax seeds, 1 tbsp. honey and 0.5 liters of water. Brew flax seeds, for this place them in an enameled bowl, pour water and bring to a boil. Infuse broth 10 min. After filtering the broth and letting it cool slightly, add honey to it and take the whole broth for an hour. Immediately you need to drink almost the entire broth. If desired, you can repeat the procedure after five hours.
With cystitis, you must follow a diet. The most important thing is to exclude from the diet everything fatty, smoked and salty. No seasonings and spices, as well as carbonated drinks.
Include the following products in your menu:
- Meat of low-fat varieties.
- Steamed or baked fish.
- Carrots and pumpkins must be eaten in any form.
- You can drink carrot-pumpkin freshly squeezed juice, these two products have the best effect on the genitourinary system.
The following tips will help you prevent cystitis:
- Do not violate the rules of personal hygiene;
- Do not overcool;
- Drink more water and a variety of juices, cranberry and carrot-pumpkin juice are especially useful in the prevention of cystitis;
- Empty the bladder in time, do not overfill it;
- Do not wear for a long time very tight tight-fitting clothing for the pelvis and hips, as it can interfere with normal circulation in the pelvic area;
- To avoid constipation, increase the amount of fresh vegetables and fruits in your diet;
- For intimate hygiene procedures, use a soap with a neutral acid-base balance;
- Be sure to visit the toilet to urinate after intercourse;
- If possible, change sanitary pads more often during your period.
And remember: it is always better to consult a doctor in a timely manner!