The urine of healthy women has a barely perceptible odor of ammonia, which significantly increases upon contact of urine with the oxygen, that’s why it smells of urine in women particularly strong, it’s worth it to stand up even in a closed container.
Unpleasant smell of urine in women can manifest itself in different forms and can be a symptom of disease and pathological processes, or the result of violations of the food and drink.
What is considered the norm
If the urine got another strange or bad smell or smell of ammonia is felt immediately after urination, it is necessary to identify the root cause of this condition.
The factors causing the change of physical parameters of urine, including its aroma include:
- inflammatory processes in organs of small pelvis;
- venereal disease;
- excessive consumption of certain foods (garlic, alcohol, asparagus, etc.);
- a genetic disease;
- the metabolic disorders;
- the use of certain medicines (e.g. antibiotics);
- diseases of the digestive organs, including the liver.
Many common spices also can affect both the odor and color of urine
This is an incomplete list of reasons that cause similar symptoms. This is due to the fact that the indicators of urine as the end product of metabolic processes in the body, directly respond to all problems and malfunctions of internal organs.
The smell of acetone
In a small amount of acetone compounds are constantly removed from the body by the kidneys through urine. But if after urination perceive the peculiar smell of acetone, so its performance has exceeded an acceptable threshold.
Such a manifestation can be one of the symptoms:
- of diabetes;
- cancer of the stomach;
- exhaustion (with diet in women, starvation, excessive physical exertion, etc.);
- disturbances in the diet (a predominance of protein and fat-containing food);
- long-lasting increase in body temperature;
- poisoning, including alcohol;
- prolonged vomiting (intestinal poisoning, toxemia of pregnancy, eclampsia);
- diseases of the thyroid gland.
In most cases, in addition to changing the smell of urine on an acetone, there are also additional manifestations of the disease.
But even the appearance of such a flavor, as a single symptom, suggests seeking medical attention. This is due to the fact that a high number of ketone bodies in urine may lead to coma or serious health problems (especially at the time of carrying a baby).
In the presence of acetone in the urine, the smell might change not only the sharp acetone, but soft with the scent of rotten or rotting apples
Treatment usually consists of the elimination of the causes of the change in the physical parameters of urine and adjustments in the diet.
A strong smell of ammonia
Compounds and derivatives of ammonia are always present in the urine.
But the growth of odor, reminiscent of ammonia, may indicate the presence of pathologies and physiological States, such as:
- excessive use of drugs containing calcium and iron;
- abuse of protein food (ammonia is a breakdown product of amino acids);
- in rare cases, the smell of ammonia appears in inflammatory processes of the urinary system (cystitis, pyelonephritis);
- stasis of urine (long-term abstinence urination, for example, in the morning, compression of the ureter when the stone or the uterus during pregnancy, etc.);
- dehydration (concentration of all substances in the urine, including ammonia, increases several times);
- liver disease (in this case, appear in the urine free of the ammonia molecule, giving a sharp scent of urine).
If the change of smell of urine caused by physical causes (dehydration, malnutrition, prolonged forced absence of urination), then bring everything back to normal simply by eliminating these causes – restoring treatment of drinking and emptying the bladder.
Drinking regime is one of the ways of prevention of diseases of the urinary system
If such measures prove to be ineffective and the bad smell persists for more than 3 days, then it is likely in violation of the internal organs. In this case, the required additional methods of diagnosis to determine treatment tactics.
A sour smell
Urine may start to smell like sauerkraut or sour milk. The main reason for the emergence of this fragrance is a fungal infection of the organs of urogenital (vaginal candidiasis, candidal urethritis).
Additionally, there are other manifestations:
- turbidity of urine;
- white discharge from the genitals and the urethra in the form of flakes and suspended matter;
- constant itching;
- white patches on the mucous membranes of the vagina and labia.
For the treatment can be used as a means of local action in the form of vaginal plugs, suppositories and ointments, and drugs with a systemic effect (tablets for oral use).
Also a sour smell urine in women can be and when problems of the digestive system (intestinal dysbiosis, increased acidity gastric juice, etc.).
Taking certain medicines, particularly antibiotics, can cause a disturbance in the internal balance of microflora
Imbalance of the vaginal flora because of its bacterial lesions or due to prolonged use of antibiotics leads to vaginal dysbiosis, vaginitis and other diseases of the genital organs of the female body. In addition to the characteristic vaginal discharge, the smell of urine can change and purchase sour notes.
Receiving means for restoration of microflora of the intestine in the form of capsules and suspensions, and vaginal tablets with similar composition will help to solve the problem of dysbiosis. If the fault turned out to be pathogenic bacteria, without the appointment of antibacterial means do not.
Very rarely, the urine has a smell, but in some conditions, vaginal discharge, once during urination in the urine, give it a smell of fish (often rotten).
So, trichomoniasis, as sexually transmitted disease, sexually transmitted, causing damage to the internal genital organs and urethra Trichomonas.
Barrier methods of contraception are one of the most reliable ways of protection from sexually transmitted diseases
In the process of growth and activity of the pathogen actively formed yellow discharge, which have a specific smell of fish.
In addition, a woman may notice:
- painful sensations during urination;
- the allocation of yellowish-brown color;
- redness and swelling of the mucous membranes of the vagina and urethra.
Fish urine odor can accompany and vaginal dysbacteriosis, in the case where the microbial balance is disrupted and it begins to dominate the pathogenic bacteria Gardnerella.
The condition is characterized by the presence of abundant vaginal discharge which is greenish in color with a pungent smell of fish, inflammation of the mucous membranes, discomfort during urination (if in parallel, developing urethritis).
Trimethylaminuria is a disease in which all eye-catching body fluids have an unpleasant odor of rotting fish. It is a genetic disease is expressed in a complete or partial lack of regulation of the production process of one of the liver enzymes responsible for conversion, released during digestion, the active compounds of trimethylamine.
Bad smell comes not only from the urine but also in sweat, saliva and vaginal secretions
Usually, the disease is found in early childhood (at the time of weaning), but there are to be cases where a genetic disorder is also manifested in adulthood. Of therapeutic measures addresses only compliance with low-protein diet and taking certain adsorbents.
The sweet smell of maple syrup
The cause of the smell is Latinos – a genetic disease by impaired production of enzymes to break down certain amino acids. They begin to accumulate in internal tissues, poisoning the body.
Diagnosed in early childhood (from infancy), but at intermediate and intermittent form the beginning of the manifestations can be delayed to a later date.
Periods of exacerbation appear with stress, while decreasing immunity, in case of strong physical exertion
Symptoms are as follows:
- disorders in coordination of movements;
Treatment consists of a lifelong diet that excludes foods containing certain amino acids and continuous monitoring of clinical tests.
In the absence of treatment, the prognosis is poor.
Musty smell (urine smells like mice)
This is another from of congenital diseases in which the system of fermentation, the liver inactive and unable to break down phenylalanine, which determines the level of its accumulation in tissues.
In this case, sweat, saliva, urine human bad smell of mold or mice. A disorder in early childhood.
- the gap in physical and mental development.
To treat the disease can only be strict adherence to some rules of power, usually restrictions are lifelong in nature and help only to restrain manifestations of the disease.
If we neglect the chosen diet, the inevitable defeat of the Central nervous system and brain with severe consequences (idiocy, imbecility).
The smell of rotten eggs or rotting
Urine smelling of rotten eggs, you may receive in case of defeat of the genital organs or areas of the urinary E. coli. Especially often such manifestations observed in pyelonephritis or rectal cancer.
Girls that smell is the first symptom of infectious diseases of the kidneys and bladder
Most diseases of the urinary system, in addition, characterized by the appearance of turbid urine with various patches (mud, pus, etc.).
Eating large amounts of asparagus also can cause a pungent smell of rotten eggs in the urine which passes by itself within 6 hours.
Usually the urine has the smell of garlic, ampicillin, sulfur and other not very pleasant shades over conventional food. So, the smell of drugs coming up with the antibiotics and other drugs.
And sulfur compounds, for example in the cabbage, causing the deterioration and the increased odor of urine in women. Many spices (curry, garlic, cumin, cardamom) can also change the flavor of the secreted fluid.
Change of smell of urine during pregnancy
In the period of carrying a kid to the smell of urine can be affected by the same factors as before. Especially dangerous is the emergence of a sweetish tinge, aroma of rotten apples or acetone. This may indicate the occurrence of diabetes in pregnant women, renal disease, or eclampsia.
During pregnancy especially often have different inflammatory response of the kidneys and bladder, leading to urine with an acidic or purulent odor
In the last trimester high probability of occlusion of the ureter by enlarged uterus that can lead to stagnation of urine and increased ammonium smell.
Another reason for the deterioration of aroma of urine may be increased blood supply to all inflamed mucous membranes, including nose, which even ordinary smells during your pregnancy can seem fetid and strong.
The smell of urine and vaginal discharge
Because of the proximity of the entrance to the vagina and urethra, often a woman is not able to distinguish the difference change smell of urine or excreta. So, discharge with odor of urine can be a result of poor hygiene of the genital organs, cystitis, partial incontinence of urine, etc.
In this case, panties smell strongly of urine, even after a short time after taking a shower.
After the elimination of the root causes of the odor usually goes away on their own. If this is not possible (for example, pregnancy often there is temporary incontinence), you need to use a special urological pads to eliminate external discomforts.
Such a physical indicator of the urine, as the smell can be assessed independently without the use of any devices. The information received may be the first signal of problems in the body.