People of middle and old age frequently bothered by attacks of lumbago; the symptoms and treatment of this disease, causes of sudden acute pain, ways to ease the situation during the next attack – exciting themes for many patients with lumbago.
Lumbago is a disease, also referred to as lumbago in the lower back. It is caused by different pathologies of the musculoskeletal apparatus, in particular the defeat of the fibrous ring and stretching of the ligaments system.
Causes of lumbago are numerous:
- dysfunction of a vertebral disk;
- intervertebral hernia;
- narrowing (stenosis) of the spinal canal;
- malignant tumors of the spine and spinal cord;
- inflammatory diseases of the musculoskeletal system;
- violation of metabolism and the accumulation of salts, causing various pathologies of the spine;
- oxygen starvation of the body;
- congenital anomalies of the pelvis and lower extremities;
- injuries of the spine and musculoskeletal system;
- sudden changes in temperature;
- nervous strain;
- excessive physical activity.
What is lumbago?
The attack of lumbago begins suddenly. The main symptom of acute severe pain arising in the lumbar-sacral spine. Pain when it spread to buttocks and lower limbs.
The patient loses mobility during an attack of lumbago. The symptoms are as follows:
- spasmodic tension of the muscular system;
- aggravation of pain during the night sleep;
- loss of mobility in the lumbar region;
- slight decrease sharpness of pain when bending forward.
Severe pain caused by an attack of lumbago that lasts from 2-3 days to several months. Manifestation of lumbago can be a variety of symptoms, and the treatment must be comprehensive and multifaceted.
To go to the doctor it after the 1st attack of lumbago, treatment initiated at early stages of the disease, will bring relief to the patient. The specialist will examine the condition of the patient, shown him the symptoms, and treatment will be assigned to one of the existing schemes.
For accurate diagnosis your doctor needs activities such as:
- anamnestic interview;
- General examination of the patient;
- palpation of the spine;
- x-rays of the lumbosacral;
- magnetic resonance imaging;
- the study of history to identify comorbidities.
Treatment of lumbago is assigned according to the clinical picture of the disease in a particular patient. The main considerations for preparation regimens:
- correction mode;
- some change their traditional way of life;
- the decrease in physical activity.
Treatment of lumbago involves the use of drugs such as:
- nesteroid anti-inflammatory action;
- muscle relaxants;
- cardiovascular drugs;
- b vitamins;
For external application are assigned to the various ointments, plasters, creams, gels, candles, etc warming action. With their help, relieves muscle spasm. For very severe pain is assigned novocaine blockade. It is additionally used drugs from the group of glucocorticosteroids.
Physiotherapy lumbago involves the use of procedures such as:
- applique paraffin;
- laser therapy;
- magnetic therapy;
- ultrahigh frequency – UHF;
- VNS therapy stimulation.
Correction of day mode
Immediately after the attack the patient is recommended bed rest with limited mobility, the patient should be in supine position on a special orthopedic mattress.
Legs must be bent at a right angle (90°), placing Shin under the stand (e.g., stool). Periodically, you need to roll over on your stomach, placing the supports. This will avoid pressure sores.
After some time, the limitation is removed. The patient is prescribed the wearing orthopedic corset. Assigned to massage and physical therapy – physical therapy.
There are several complexes of therapeutic exercises-exercises for lumbago patients. The main purpose of this class is the restoration of mobility of the spinal discs, stretch the spine, giving elasticity to the muscles. Initially, the patient is engaged with the instructor. Then classes can be done independently, periodically passing a medical examination. During the lessons the main thing – not to do sharp movements and to avoid overloads.
The treatment of lumbago the patient requires diet. The diet is based on these products:
- lean beef or chicken;
- fish low-fat varieties;
- dairy products low fat
- various cereals;
- vegetables and fresh herbs;
- fruits, berries, natural juices.
Should just give up greasy and irritating food: smoked meats, pickles, marinades, herbs and spices, fat meat or fat. Starchy and sweet foods can be consumed in moderation. To eliminate alcohol completely.
Treatment at home
Hospitalized with lumbago is indicated only in severe cases. Mostly the treatment at home. Thus the patient may undergo outpatient complex of physiotherapeutic procedures. Home treatment for lumbago involves the intake of necessary medicines, adherence and treatments to warm the lumbar, improve blood circulation etc.
For treating lumbago in the home are used by traditional medicine:
- herbal teas and tinctures;
- to heating applications.
It is necessary to keep the lower back warm, avoiding draughts and hypothermia. Has a good effect wearing insulated belt or a thick scarf made of natural wool. Details about how to treat lumbago house, tell the doctor.
Apply teas and tinctures.
For internal use you can prepare a tincture of the herbal tea. Its members in equal amounts are:
All these herbs have to mix and grind. Then pour into a thermos 4 tbsp of the dry composition and brew boiling water (1 l). Leave for 12 hours. Strain through cheesecloth and bring boiled water to the original volume (1 l). Taken three times per day, 100 ml after a meal. The course of treatment – 2 weeks.
Similarly prepare infusion of the following collection:
- cranberries (sheet);
- Angelica (root);
- hops (cones).
Take 100 ml in half an hour before meals.
To relieve inflammation used thyme. Dry powdered raw materials (3 tbsp) should be brewed with boiling water (500 ml). Infuse for 60 minutes. Then strain, pour a little boiling water. Take 1 tablespoon 20 minutes before eating at least 4 times a day. The grass left after straining the infusion can be used to compress until it is cold. In the same way, preparing an infusion of herbs and leaves of bilberry (1 teaspoon to 500 ml of boiling water). Take 100 ml 4 times a day.
Reduce inflammation will help a decoction of the herb collection, which includes:
- Valerian (root);
- lavender (the herb);
- dandelion (root);
- plantain (leaf);
- yarrow (grass);
- celandine (grass);
- eucalyptus (leaf).
All components taken in equal parts, mix and grind. Pour over boiling water and stand over a slow fire for half an hour. Cool, drain, slightly wrung out of raw materials. Add boiled water to initial volume. Be taken after meals of 100 ml.
Baths and rubbing also help with the disease.
In the warmer months you can take baths with egg shells and fresh beet tops. The shell 10 fresh raw eggs, and beet tops (250 g) you need to chop and mix. Pour into a tub and pour the maximum hot water (50 l). When the water has cooled slightly, you need to lie down in the bath for 30 minutes. Similarly, preparing for a bath with a decoction of pine needles. After the procedure is necessary to grind the back with a towel and warm with a belt or scarf.
For grinding you can use ready-made plum brandy (200 ml). It should add cores and plum pits (30 g). To insist in a warm place for 7 days.
You can RUB the loin with animal fat. Particularly effective badger fat. After rubbing the lower back to warm.
Healing ointment for rubbing the loin is prepared from dandelion root, peppermint leaf, buds of birch and poplar. All the components necessary to take in equal parts, mix and grind. Ready mix (3 tbsp) to boiling water (100 ml) and put on a slow fire. Boil while stirring for half an hour. Strain while hot and add lard, or butter without salt (75 g) and mix. RUB the loin is obtained by the tool by up to 5 times per day and immediately wrap up warm belt or scarf.
Efficient compression and application.
Wrap the loins in lumbago is prepared as follows. You need to mix equal amounts of table salt, wheat flour, vinegar, and horseradish root (grated). The resulting mixture was spread on the cloth of a suitable size of soft cloth or a small towel. To put on top of the patient’s portion is approximately 3 hours. The resulting redness can be eliminated by wrapping a loin cloth soaked in the decoction of bran.
You can make a compress of burdock. Fresh leaves to cover the sore spot, putting them rough side down. Secure with bandage. At the beginning of treatment compress you need to wear continuously, periodically changing leaves.
On top of the portion of the patient it is necessary to impose fresh birch leaves. Cover with a paper or polyethylene wrap and wrap. The leaves change every 2 hours.
Helps poultice of Valerian tincture, purchased at a pharmacy. Tincture to moisten a soft cloth, apply on the affected area, cover with polythene and warm.
You can use the horseradish, black radish, grated on a fine grater. It is applied to the cloth from linen fabric, which covers the area of localization of pain. Pre-skin should be lubricated with vegetable oil, to avoid burns. Above the napkin is applied to the polyethylene and insulated dressing.
In the treatment of lumbago, well help of an application of red clay. To cure this disease, the clay must be moistened, mixed with turpentine and heated. A pillow of warm clay gently spread on the sore area and cover with a soft cloth. After cooling the clay to remove the back to wipe and wrap.
Major complications in lumbago – pathology of the sciatic nerve. This can be inflammation (sciatica), a pinched or damaged sciatic nerve. The pain spread to the hips and legs and markedly intensifitsiruetsa while walking.
In this state, is also possible:
- cramps of calf muscles;
- partial numbness of the lower extremities;
- the decrease in tactile sensitivity.
With the development of pathology of blood circulation in the lower extremities, deterioration of blood circulation, gradual degradation of the muscular system. Also, there is a General weakness, a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract and urinary organs. Such lumbago to treat much more difficult.
To protect yourself from lumbago, you must regularly exercise, eat right, avoiding overeating and obesity, more walk in the fresh air, to control the level of physical activity, be sure to treat scoliosis and other diseases of the spine, to avoid hypothermia and injuries, give up bad habits. Be healthy!