27.09.2020

The reasons for the development and treatment of arthropathy of the knee joint

Arthropathy of the knee joint the secondary joint disease that most often develops in various pathologies of the Central nervous system. Often diagnosed osteochondrosis or defeat other joints of different sizes, and at the same time may be up to 5 joints. The disease occurs in children and adults, but is diagnosed relatively rarely.

Symptoms

kol-ostThe first and most important symptom is the increase in the knee in size. This can sometimes be due to swelling when the synovial fluid and lymph begin to accumulate in the area of soft tissue.

The second important symptom is easy to find with x-ray – appearance of osteophytes on the edges of the articular bone. They begin to grow strongly, because the body is trying to somehow compensate for the destroyed bone tissue. It also affects the increase in the knee in size.

As a result of inflammatory process and the proliferation of osteophytes knee is starting to deform. This process is slow, but it progresses, and without treatment of the underlying disease can make a person disabled.

And finally, the last and the most frequent symptom, with which man and go to the doctor – a pain, sometimes very strong. Especially the pain becomes acute during physical exertion. At night and at rest it usually is not felt.

Other manifestations of arthropathy of the knee in adolescents include:

  1. A high body temperature.
  2. Pain on palpation.
  3. Stiffness in the movements.
  4. Feeling heat in the knee.

The disease can occur as a relatively easy and very hard. At the beginning of mobility in the affected location broken not so much, and the pain when walking is not so sharp, to pay attention to it.

Progression of pain is getting stronger, and the mobility of the knee becomes impossible. In the end, it completely loses the ability to move.

Symptoms can increase with great speed, and after just a few days the disease is in its midst.

Reasons

Arthropathy of the knee joint in children and adults is not a standalone pathology. It is always found as a secondary form of the disease. Most often it is:

  1. Brucellosis.
  2. Systemic vasculitis.
  3. Lyme Disease.
  4. Reiter Syndrome.
  5. Neuro-arthritic diathesis.
  6. Rubella.

The speed of development depends entirely on what pathological changes occur in the nerve fiber to the result of an underlying disease.

Diagnosis

The disease is so individually in its manifestations, which is sometimes quite difficult to make a correct diagnosis. Basic diagnostic procedures should be considered:

  1. ECG.
  2. The General analysis of urine.
  3. Clinical analysis of blood.
  4. Test for rheumatoid factor.
  5. X-ray radiography.
  6. MRI.

It is very important to identify the underlying disease which led to the defeat of the joints. It was on his elimination and will be treated. As for arthropathy of the knee joint and army, then this issue is solved as strictly individual and depends on what the symptoms are at the moment.

Treatment

Treatment should only be assigned to a specialist. Self can cause great harm, and the methods of traditional medicine are completely powerless. Drugs therapy has two directions. In the first case, treated the manifestations of the underlying disease, the second is symptomatic treatment for elimination of the articular symptoms of the disease. Unfortunately, a lot of the pathology that led to the defeat of the joint in this case, are chronic, which means to cure them will not work, but you can improve the human condition and prolong remission, that is, the period without exacerbation.

All patients are assigned a week’s worth of antibiotics. Mandatory bed rest with fixation of the knee. The duration of such documentation can range from 3 months to half a year. After this compulsory rehabilitation measures. But all measures, which are aimed at restoration of mobility must be agreed with the doctor.

boli-v-koleneForecast

To give an accurate forecast, no one can. It all depends on the underlying disease, at what time the patient came to the doctor for treatment, and were you able to cope with the worsening of the underlying disease. With proper and timely therapy of articular symptoms usually disappear, but may remain the consequences, such as violation of mobility of the knee, which will greatly affect gait.

In the most severe cases the patient can apply for disability, especially if the cause of joint disorders, could not be found, or the progression was very fast.

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