Self-monitoring state of health today is one of the most important aspects of performing a supporting role in identifying and monitoring the course of existing diseases.
An integral part of self-diagnosis, knowledge of the physiological norms and functional manifestations of the body. For example, everyone knows that the color of urine excreted by the body healthy, ranging from various shades of yellow, and detection of urine a greenish color can not but cause concern.
Of all the possible deviations in color, green urine is a rare occurrence, the reasons for which may lie in the pathological and physiological changes in the body.
Food and medicine
One of the reasons for the change the shade of the urine can be the use of products, which are composed of food or synthetic dyes.
The list of the most used products containing natural dyes that can give urine a greenish color, include:
- black licorice;
- rhubarb (leaves, stems).
Rhubarb root contains a substance chrisian, which is in the process of metabolism in unchanged form excreted by the kidneys and enters the urine with alkaline pH forms a red coloring pigment.
Eating the leaves of rhubarb stains the urine bright green, and the roots – in the red
In addition to natural products, there are a number of popular drinks that contains in its composition of green food coloring:
- green beer;
- artificial juices.
Discoloration of the urine due to ingestion of certain drugs, is due to the transformation of the active drug substance in the process of metabolism.
Thus, urine is green in color may appear due to the use of the following medications:
- Indocin (Indomethacin);
- multivitamin complexes (Tetravit, Trivia);
- methylene blue.
The green color of the urine is the result of mixing blue pigment present in medicinal products with the urochrome that gives the urine a yellow color.
Change the color of urine due to the use of products or medicines is characterized as a normal physiological response of the body, disappearing immediately after eliminating foods from the diet or withdrawal of the drug. Therefore, if it can be detected in urine color, it should, first and foremost, analyze whether there has been use of products or medicines that cause a similar reaction.
Means methylene blue is a dye compound having antiseptic properties for external and internal use and gives the urine a blue-green hue
Family-hypercalcemia is a relatively rare disease transmitted at the genetic level and is accompanied by the appearance of blue or green urine in children.
In this pathology there is a modification of the calcium-sensing receptor in kidney and parathyroid glands responsible for maintaining homeostasis of calcium ions.
Due to the fact that the concentration of calcium in the blood is closely related to the work of the parathyroid glands and the filtering ability of the kidneys, against the background of increasing the calcium content in the blood plasma, the following changes occur:
- increases the level of secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH), which leads to the development of hyperparathyroidism;
- developing nephrocalcinosis of the kidneys.
Due to the fact that when hyperparathyroidism primarily affects the kidney, as it is a violation reabsorbiruetsa ability of the tubules, there is a continuous accumulation in the tissues of calcium, leading to atrophy of the renal tubules.
Target organs when hyperparathyroidism also be the intestine and bone, which in combination with nefrocalzinozom leads to insufficient absorption of amino acid – tryptophan, which is a bacterial flora converts into indole, giving the urine a blue-green color.
In addition to changing the color of urine, can exhibit the following symptoms:
- loss of appetite;
- lack of weight;
Syndrome blue diaper, you must limit the intake of foods rich in calcium
Another reason why the urine acquires a green color, is intestinal dysbiosis.
Violation of the intestinal microflora leads to a number of disorders:
- inflammation of the mucous membrane of the intestine;
- the weakening of the protective functions of the intestine;
- reducing the barrier properties of the intestinal walls;
- violation of metabolic processes.
A set of disorders caused by imbalance of bacterial flora causes the development of the syndrome of malabsorption of minerals by the intestinal wall. As a result, the indole and skatole (a product of putrefaction of proteins) enter the bloodstream and excreted in urine as indican, giving the urine a blue-green color (the mechanism is similar to the penetration of indican in the urine in the family of hypercalcemia).
Piura is called leukocyturia with the number of leukocytes in the urine more than 200 in the field of view. This increased concentration of white blood cells gives urine a light green tint, often with clots or flakes, clearly visible to the naked eye.
Pyuria (leukocyturia) in the first place, is evidence of infectious processes in the urinary tract, but in rare cases occurs due to inflammation of the immune origin (glomerulonephritis).
The most common causes leukocyturia in diseases of the urinary tract:
- systemic vasculitis;
Furthermore, the increase in the number of leukocytes in urine can be observed in the following diseases:
- genital infection;
Very often, inflammation of the urinary tract are asymptomatic character of the flow, which is characteristic of women during pregnancy and in old age.
For pregnant women the urine sample is the most available and informative technique that is used for systematic observation of the state of her health
Inflammation of the prostate may cause the appearance of greenish urine in men. The basis of the color change, as well as with urinary tract infections increase the number of leukocytes in the urine.
Due to the fact that white blood cells have high mobility, they can migrate to tissues from the foci that are not directly in the kidneys or urinary tract. Since the tissue of the prostate adjacent to the bladder, the urine is penetrating not only the leucocytes, but also pathogens.
Taking into account the difficult urination that accompanies inflammatory processes in the prostate, retention of urine contributes to the accumulation of white blood cells and pathogenic microorganisms, which not only causes greening of urine, but also facilitates the penetration of bacteria into the kidneys, causing pyelonephritis.
As a rule, inflammation of the prostate is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- erectile disorders;
- pain in the groin radiating to the testis or penis;
- temperature rise;
- the inability to complete emptying of the bladder;
- difficulty urinating.
Prostate enlargement due to inflammation, prevents the normal outflow of urine, causing complicated urinary tract infections
Greenish urine may occur with genital infections, accompanied by copious purulent secretions. As a rule, the development of these diseases occurs predominantly in female and in medical practice is called about leukocyturia.
To the list of inflammatory diseases of the genital organs in women include:
Adult men inflammation of the external genitals (phimosis, balanoposthitis) is quite rare, as a rule, these diseases affect boys.
For the differential diagnosis and prevention of pollution by discharge of urine from the genitals need to wash the genitals and in accordance with the rules of the urine to withdraw the foreskin while urinating (in men) or to dissolve the labia (in women).
A urinary catheter is used for collection of the urine directly from the urethra or ureter
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease, accompanied by lesion of the mucosal surface of the genital organs and urinary tract. Allocated urination, mucus and pus can give the urine a greenish or green tint.
If untreated, the disease affects:
- lymph nodes;
- the uterus.
In half of the cases, except the purulent discharge, other symptoms are absent.
The most severe symptomatic pattern is observed in men when the causative agent, the gonococcus causes the following sensations:
- increased frequency of urination;
Diseases of the liver and gallbladder
Diseases of the liver and gallbladder can also lead to the urine a greenish color. When violation of the liver not only changes the color of urine, but stool.
In addition, you may experience the following symptoms:
- pain in hypochondrium;
- excessive sweating;
- unpleasant taste in the mouth;
The composition of the liver of tea can include herbs that contain natural dyes
Special influence on the color of urine may provide herbal medicine. Herbs included in the liver tea, have a choleretic and antispasmodic effect, helping relieve inflammation and cleanse the bile ducts.
Due to the fact that bile has a brown or green color, its allocation of large amount of urine may affect the color.
Green urine, in itself, is not a sign of pathological processes in the body. If the change in the color of urine is not accompanied by symptoms characteristic of a disease or have been eating foods that affect pigmentation of the urine, then there is no cause for concern. Detection of any signs of discomfort on a background of green urine requires a thorough medical examination.